Leafy spurge is a toxic invader of lands across much of the U.S. It’s especially troublesome in the West, where it works to crowd out native and desirable vegetation, making pasture and grassland much less productive, reducing wildlife habitat and threatening roadside grass stands. Leafy spurge spreads quickly and aggressively with seeds that can travel in a variety of ways, including by water.
It’s why one researcher has begun looking for new ways to manage this perennial plant, including using new herbicide technology. Dr. Dan Tekiela is an assistant professor of invasive plant ecology and extension specialist with the University of Wyoming. Earlier this season, he began research in the Yampa River watershed area in northwestern Colorado.
Here, leafy spurge is invading native vegetation, and threatening to further spread its seeds downstream to affect other important sites. One site of particular importance is Dinosaur National Monument, a unit of the national park system that was designated to protect 46 miles of the Yampa River at its confluence with the Green River. The Yampa River is the largest remaining natural-flowing tributary in the Colorado River Basin.
“The objective of our research is to protect these landscapes from one of the most problematic weed invaders in the West through proper management,” Dr. Tekiela says. “We’re looking to record the results of multiple different herbicide treatments on leafy spurge in combination with grazing and without grazing.”
Applications of Milestone® herbicide will be used, as will treatments using the new TerraVue™ herbicide, which Tekiela hopes will result in better control. Pending EPA registration, TerraVue is expected to control more than 140 broadleaf weed species, as well as multiple woody plant species. Sheep will be used to graze the test sites.
The research is being done as part of the Yampa River Leafy Spurge Project, which brings together landowners, agencies, educators and organizations to establish effective programs for integrated management of invasive leafy spurge. Support is being provided by the Colorado Water Conservation Board Water Supply Reserve Fund and northwestern Colorado counties. Dr. Tekiela looks to publish his findings in 2020.
™®Trademarks of Dow AgroSciences, DuPont or Pioneer, and their affiliated companies or their respective owners. When treating areas in and around roadside or utility rights-of-way that are or will be grazed, hayed or planted to forage, important label precautions apply regarding harvesting hay from treated sites, using manure from animals grazing on treated areas or rotating the treated area to sensitive crops. See the product label for details. State restrictions on the sale and use of Milestone apply. Consult the label before purchase or use for full details. TerraVue has not yet received regulatory approvals; approvals are pending. The information presented here is not an offer for sale. Always read and follow label directions.